Alcohol tester DIY Kit MQ-3 alcohol sensor module
When alcohol exists in the environment where the sensor MQ-3 is located, the conductivity of the sensor will increase as the alcohol concentration increases. By measuring the series partial pressure between the sensor and the fixed resistor, the alcohol content in the environment can be determined.
Working voltage: 5-7.5V DC
PCB size: 6.1*3.6cm
This circuit can be powered by a 5-7.5 volt DC powered supply. The switch S1 is a powered switch. The resistor R1 and the light-emitting diode D1 are used for powered indication. The sensor MQ-3 needs to be heated to a certain temperature during operation, so there is a section of electric heating installed inside it The wire and resistor R4 are the current-limiting resistance of the heating wire. It is normal for the MQ-3 to generate heat after being energized. When MQ-3 does not detect alcohol , its internal resistance is very large, the voltage drop of R3 and RW is very low, the voltage of pin 2 of NE555 is lower than the trigger voltage (VCC/3), its pin 3 outputs high level, D2 goes out , The buzzer does not sound, and the does not operate. When MQ-3 detects alcohol , the internal resistance drops, the voltage of R3 and RW rises, the voltage of pin 2 of NE555 is higher than the trigger voltage, pin 3 becomes low level, D2 turns on and emits light, and the buzzer flows The current starts to sound, and the electromagnetic coil in the is energized to attract the switching action. In order to realize the detection and alarm function. Adjustable resistor RW is used to adjust the detection sensitivity. This circuit uses the second comparator inside NE555 to detect the voltage change and uses its internal trigger to debounce. Pin 7 and pin 5 of NE555 are not used and are in a floating state. The output terminal J3 of the can be used to control other electrical appliances, such as an exhaust fan. When the alcohol concentration exceeds the standard, the exhaust fan is started. After the concentration drops, the exhaust fan is turned off to realize automatic control. The diode D3 is used to eliminate the induced electromotive force generated when the coil is turned on and off. The powered supply interface can be a DC plug, or you can use a wire directly at the J2 position, pay attention to the positive and negative signs, the DC plug powered supply is positive and negative.
1 x DIY KIT
1x Power supply US